Catherine Dargemont: "El cesto NPC, un centro sensor de estrés para las funciones nucleares"

23/01/2020

The Nuclear Pore Complex, a gigantic machine of the nuclear envelope recently emerged as a “hub” coordinating nuclear transport, gene expression, chromatin organization and genome integrity. However the limited number of NPC per cell imposes a certain hierarchy of these functions in time and space. In particular, it is now believed that NPC can organize and control microenvironments at the nuclear internal periphery to favor certain nuclear processes as a function of cell requirements. Our studies led us tothe hypothesis that dynamic post-translational modifications (PTMs), and in particular ubiquitin and ubiquitin-like modifications, control the plasticity of the NPC structural organization and its role as a coordinating hub.Our systematic analysis of theubiquitylation of S. cerevisiaenuclear pore complex proteins (Nups) revealed that more than 50% of them are ubiquitylated, mostly by mono-ubiquitylation suggesting a non-degradative role of this post-translational modification. In addition we found that Nups ubiquitylation involves different components of the ubiquitin conjugation machinery. A detailed analysis of Nup159 mono-ubiquitylation, a Nup exclusively localized on the cytoplasmic face of the NPC, revealed a unexpected function in nuclear segregation at the onset of mitosis. More recently, we focused our attention on PTMs of the components of nuclear basket substructure of the NPC, under normal growth conditions as well as upon cellular stresses, and found that these Nups are extensively modified byubiquitylation, sumoylation and phosphorylation. Using a precise analysis of on nuclear basket protein Nup60 (and its Nup2 partner), we were able to demonstrate, that genotoxic stress influences the dynamics of the nuclear basket by a control of its ubiquitylation with consequences on the DNA damage response and on telomere repair. In addition, we found that the balance between the dynamics of SUMOylation and deSUMOylation of Nup60 and Nup2 at the NPC deeply differs, particularly in G1 and S phase. Las levaduras: en la intersección entre la Biología de sistemas y la BiomedicinaEnmemoriadelProfesorJulioRodríguez VillanuevaYeasts: at the cross-roads of Systems biology and BiomedicineIn memory of Professor Julio Rodríguez VillanuevaMadrid, 23 y 24 de enero de 2020 / January, 23 and 24, 2020 While Nup60 is the unique target of genotoxic stress within the nuclear basket that likely belongs to the SUMO-mediated DNA damage response pathway, both Nup2 and Nup60 show a dramatic increase in SUMOylation upon osmotic stress, with Nup2 SUMOylation being enhanced in Nup60 SUMO-deficient mutant. Together, our findings support the hypothesis that regulation of NPCs plasticity via PTMs serves to modulate its function as a platform for various nuclear functions, and that the NPC acts as a stress sensor serving to transmit extracellular stress signals into the nucleus.

Vídeos
Ciencias de la vida y de la materia las-levaduras-en-la-interseccion-entre-la-biologia-de-sistemas-y-la-biomedicina-en-memoria-del-profesor-julio-rodriguez-villanueva

Federico Mayor Zaragoza: "Julio Rodríguez Villanueva, Ciencia y Conciencia"

24/01/2020

José Ramón Alonso Peña: "Don Julio: un científico pionero y un universitario comprometido"

24/01/2020

Sergio Moreno: "El legado científico del Profesor Villanueva en Salamanca y su desarrollo futuro"

24/01/2020

César Nombela: "Julio R. Villanueva: una escuela científica con impacto"

24/01/2020

Antonio Ventosa Ucero: "Contribución del Profesor Julio Rodríguez Villanueva a la Sociedad Española de Microbiología"

24/01/2020

Félix M. Goñi: "Don Julio: Recuerdos lejanos y percepción actual"

24/01/2020

Iván Allende Toraño: "Los orígenes familiares y vinculación con Piloña, del Profesor Villanueva"

24/01/2020

Jack T. Pronk: "Producción de etanol por levadura: ingeniería metabólica para mejorar la robustez y el rendimiento del proceso"

24/01/2020

Pedro San Segundo: "La levadura de gemación como modelo para descifrar los controles de calidad meióticos preventivos de trastornos reproductores"

24/01/2020

Víctor J. Cid: "Modelos humanizados de levadura en Biomedicina: montando módulos de señalización en cáncer e inmunidad innata"

24/01/2020

Carlos R. Vázquez de Aldana: "La subunidad reguladora Rts1 de PP2A es esencial para la organización de la septina en Candida albicans"

23/01/2020

Julian Richard Naglik: "Descubrimiento y función de la candidalisina"

23/01/2020

Catherine Dargemont: "El cesto NPC, un centro sensor de estrés para las funciones nucleares"

23/01/2020

Orna Cohen-Fix: "¿Qué determina el tamaño nuclear? Hallazgos en levadura con implicaciones en cáncer"

23/01/2020

Jef D. Boeke: "Escribiendo el genoma de la levadura"

23/01/2020